Common Pulmonary Diseases in Kids
The most common pulmonary diseases in children are:
Your Appointment with the Pulmonologist
At your first appointment, your child may need a chest X-ray. You will have to arrive 45 minutes early to complete this X-ray if your child hasn't had one already. The pulmonologists will then look at the X-ray to find possible problems.
Your child may also need a bronchoscopy. Doctors will use a long thin tube and fiberoptic camera to look at your child's lungs. He will take samples of mucous to test in the laboratory. A bronchoscopy can also be used to clean certain areas of the lung with sterile saline water. This procedure is done while your child is under anesthesia to avoid the slight pain and discomfort this test may cause.
To test the flow of air in the lungs and lung ability during different breathing patterns, doctors perform Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT). A PFT will show the doctor if your child has asthma or another pulmonary disease.
Children's Hospital Areas of Expertise
Our doctors and nurse practitioners have over 100 years of combined experience with cystic fibrosis and the Pulmonology Department at Children's Hospital specializes in the treatment of asthma in children.
East Tennessee Children's Hospital is here for our 130 patients living with cystic fibrosis (CF). We work in collaboration with the Cystic Fibrosis Care Center at Fort Sanders Regional Medical Center. A cystic fibrosis diagnosis can be scary for a child and family. The pulmonology team at Children's Hospital takes time to work with you and your child from the CF testing process to managing the disease every day. They will combine Airway Clearance Techniques, medication and antibiotics and nutrition plans to decrease hospital stays and keep your child's lungs healthy.
Does your child need to be tested for asthma? Asthma affects more than 7 million children nationwide. It can be managed in most children if treated properly.
Common signs and symptoms of asthma include:
- Continued cough
- Difficulty breathing when exercising
- Coughing during the night
- Shortness of breath
- Difficulty breathing
Common causes of asthma in children include:
- Tobacco smoke
- Respiratory viral infections
- Strong odors, such as perfumes or cleaning agents
- Environmental allergens
- Mold or mildew
- Cold air
Asthma triggers are specific to each child, but being around second-hand smoke is highly harmful to a child with asthma. Pulmonologists at Children's Hospital can give you advice about reducing triggers at home and in school.
If you think your child may have CF, asthma or another type of pulmonary disease, please find a Children's Hospital specialist near you and contact us for information about making an appointment.